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Common Causes of Nephrology or Kidney Diseases

A variety of disorders, both medical and environmental, can impact negatively on the kidneys. These disorders can cause structural and functional problems. The following are some of the signs and symptoms of renal disease or kidney disease:

  • As a result of fluid retention, the ankles swell.
  • Breathing problems
  • Nausea
  • Pain in the chest
  • Drowsiness and fatigue
  • Appetite loss.
  • Blood pressure that is too high
  • Urination patterns have shifted.
  • Skin that is itchy

Common Kidney Disorders

Kidney diseases are divided into two categories: those that affect the kidneys and those that affect the body as a whole.

  • Acute Kidney Diseases/FailureWhen the kidneys suddenly stop working for a brief period of time, it is called acute renal disease or Acute kidney diseases. This can last anywhere from a few hours to several weeks. The accumulation of toxins and electrolytes in the body due to a lack of blood filtration can be dangerous.

Diagnose Acute Kidney Diseases: Blood and urine tests are used to diagnose the disease.

Causes of Acute Kidney Diseases: Acute renal disease can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Clots in the blood
  • Dehydration
  • Failure of the liver
  • Infection that occurs suddenly and is severe
  • Kidney autoimmune diseases
  • Loss of blood
  • Toxicity caused by some drugs
  • Urinary Tract Obstruction is a condition in which the urinary tract is obstructed

Treatment options for acute renal failure are indicated based on the underlying cause after a definitive diagnosis. The following are some of the therapeutic options for acute renal failure:

  1. Medication that regulates mineral levels in the blood
  2. Changing your diet to include less potassium and sodium
  3. Hemodialysis
  • Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition in which your kidneys are damaged and unable to filter blood as effectively as they should.  Chronic kidney disease, often known as chronic kidney failure, is the progressive decrease of kidney function over time. If the condition is not handled quickly, the patient may develop permanent renal failure that cannot be corrected.Because of the few signs that chronic kidney disease exhibits, it might go misdiagnosed for a long time. It is only discovered after the symptoms have grown rather severe as a result of the impairment of renal functioning.

The risk factors for developing kidney disease are :

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart disease
  • Age
  • Family history of kidney failure.

Chronic kidney disease is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • Appetite loss
  • Blood pressure is too high.
  • Breathlessness
  • Cramps in the muscles
  • Foot and ankle swelling
  • Insufficient urine output
  • Itchy skin that persists
  • Nausea
  • Sleeping problems
  • Tiredness
  • Urine with blood in it

Diagnose chronic Kidney Diseases: Blood and urine tests, imaging, and a biopsy are commonly used to diagnose chronic kidney disease.

Treatments for chronic Kidney Diseases:  Some types of kidney disease can be treated, depending on the underlying cause. Chronic kidney disease, on the other hand, is frequently incurable.

Treatment typically consists of measures to control signs and symptoms, reduce complications, and slow disease progression. If your kidneys are severely damaged, you may require end-stage kidney disease treatment.

Medical Conditions or Kidney Diseases cared for by Our Nephrology Department includes:

  • Primary kidney disorders such as glomerular diseases (such as glomerulonephritis or the nephrotic syndrome),
  • Tubulointerstitial kidney diseases,
  • Tubular defects
  • Toxins on the kidney, including various diagnostic and therapeutic agents.
  • Kidney vasculature (such as renal artery stenosis)
  • Infections and neoplasms of the kidney
  • Abnormalities of the kidney, collecting system and bladder (such as nephrolithiasis)
  • Renal failure
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Hematuria
  • Proteinuria
  • Kidney stones
  • Hypertension
  • Disorders of acid/base or electrolytes

Laboratory Tests & Procedures for the Kidney Disease Daignosis:

  • Blood tests.
    • Glomerular filtration rate (GFR): This test determines how effectively your kidneys filter your blood. GFR begins to go below normal values for the kidney diseases .
    • Creatinine in the blood: Creatinine is a waste product that is found in higher concentrations in the blood of persons who have kidney disease.
    • Blood urea nitrogen (BUN): High amounts of this waste product in the blood, like creatinine, indicate renal failure.
  • Urine tests.
    • Urinalysis: This urine sample can be examined for pH as well as abnormal quantities of blood, glucose, protein, or bacteria using a dipstick.
    • The albumin-to-creatinine ratio is a measurement of how much albumin is present in (ACR). This pee test determines how much albumin protein is present in your urine. Kidney failure is indicated by the presence of albumin in the urine.
    • Urine is collected every 24 hours. This approach collects all of your pee over the course of a 24-hour period in a specific container. This sample can be subjected to additional testing.
    • Clearance of creatinine. This is a creatinine measurement derived from a blood sample and a 24-hour urine sample, which is used to quantify the quantity of creatinine that has left the blood and gone to the urine.

We offer a range of treatments for kidney disease including:

  • Kidney surgery
  • Blood pressure Management
  • Medications
  • Nutrition